Electricity and the people responsible for it

Dodane: 04-07-2016 08:35
Electricity and the people responsible for it If you are in dire need of a electrician, do not hesitate to contact us! Whether it is broken appliance or wiring problem, we can help you out! emergency electrician Ealing

Electrical services around the clock

Very often it becomes necessary to call in an electrician in late at night. Many electricians who start their own business providing electrical services decides on all day business profile. This is of course, much more strenuous work system, but still so that you can greatly increase the number of customers using the services of a particular company. Such flexibility electrician to ensure that customers who are in the house there was a failure can ask for help at any time. This is important especially in larger cities, because living people there lead a very busy lifestyle and therefore the repair will be carried out for example in the evening.


KWh - explanation

The kilowatt hour (symbol kWh, kW?h, or kW h) is a derived unit of energy equal to 3.6 megajoules. If the energy is being transmitted or used at a constant rate (power) over a period of time, the total energy in kilowatt-hours is the product of the power in kilowatts and the time in hours. The kilowatt-hour is commonly used as a billing unit for energy delivered to consumers by electric utilities.

The symbol "kWh" is commonly used in commercial, educational, scientific and media publications, and is the usual practice in electrical power engineering.

Other abbreviations and symbols may be encountered:

"kW h" is less commonly used. It is consistent with SI standards (but note that the kilowatt-hour is a non-SI unit). The international standard for SI states that in forming a compound unit symbol, "Multiplication must be indicated by a space or a half-high (centered) dot (?), since otherwise some prefixes could be misinterpreted as a unit symbol" (i.e., kW h or kW?h). This is supported by a voluntary standard6 issued jointly by an international (IEEE) and national (ASTM) organization. However, at least one major usage guide and the IEEE/ASTM standard allow "kWh" (but do not mention other multiples of the watt hour). One guide published by NIST specifically recommends avoiding "kWh" "to avoid possible confusion".
The US official fuel-economy window sticker for electric vehicles uses the abbreviation "kW-hrs".
Variations in capitalization are sometimes seen: KWh, KWH, kwh etc.
"kW?h" is, like "kW h", preferred with SI standards, but it is very rarely used in practice.
The notation "kW/h", as a symbol for kilowatt-hour, is not correct.


Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kilowatt_hour


Worth to know

Electric power is the product of two quantities: current and voltage. These two quantities can vary with respect to time (AC power) or can be kept at constant levels (DC power).

Most refrigerators, air conditioners, pumps and industrial machinery use AC power whereas most computers and digital equipment use DC power (the digital devices you plug into the mains typically have an internal or external power adapter to convert from AC to DC power). AC power has the advantage of being easy to transform between voltages and is able to be generated and utilised by brushless machinery. DC power remains the only practical choice in digital systems and can be more economical to transmit over long distances at very high voltages (see HVDC).

The ability to easily transform the voltage of AC power is important for two reasons: Firstly, power can be transmitted over long distances with less loss at higher voltages. So in power systems where generation is distant from the load, it is desirable to step-up (increase) the voltage of power at the generation point and then step-down (decrease) the voltage near the load. Secondly, it is often more economical to install turbines that produce higher voltages than would be used by most appliances, so the ability to easily transform voltages means this mismatch between voltages can be easily managed.

Solid state devices, which are products of the semiconductor revolution, make it possible to transform DC power to different voltages, build brushless DC machines and convert between AC and DC power. Nevertheless devices utilising solid state technology are often more expensive than their traditional counterparts, so AC power remains in widespread use.

Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electric_power_system#Basics_of_electric_power



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